In places with mild winters, like the Phoenix area, heat pumps are a popular alternative to traditional gas furnaces. In fact, many new construction homes in the area are built with heat pump systems instead of furnaces. Hailed for their efficiency and energy savings, heat pumps are a versatile system for heating and cooling the home, and their operation is relatively simple. Here’s everything you need to know about how heat pump systems work in Arizona homes.
A heat pump uses energy to either pull heat out of the air or out of the ground. A heat pump system consists of several main components, including:
Heat pumps use electricity and an electric compressor, not a heat coil, to create warm air. The use of an electric compressor makes them more efficient. Heat pumps can also circulate more air than forced air gas-heating systems. Similar to conventional HVAC systems, heat pumps can be installed as split, package, or ductless systems.
Heat pumps do not generate heat. Instead, they move heat from one place to another—like from the air outside into your home. This is an effective method of both cooling and heating. Even in cold temperatures, there is still heat in the outdoor air. In the winter, a heat pump uses refrigerant to extract this heat. The journey begins in the compressor, or outdoor unit, where once the refrigerant reaches the indoor unit, cool air is blown over the heat exchanger to remove thermal energy from the refrigerant. This thermal energy then enters your home as comfortable heat.
In the cooling season, this process is reversed. Instead of moving heat indoors, the heat pump sends indoor heat outdoors. An air-source heat pump is the most common type of heat pump, and is best suited for warmer climates. The efficiency and performance of a heat pump can depend on several factors, including variable blower speeds. Choosing a blower speed may come down to cost or energy efficiency, depending on your priorities.
This blower motor comes with one speed. It’s the least expensive, but also least efficient, option.
This blower can utilize low, medium, and high speeds. It’s a moderately priced option.
This blower automatically adjusts its speed based on the temperature you set in your home. With this advanced feature, it’s the most expensive blower option but also the most efficient.
Heat pumps are growing in popularity throughout the Valley, and it’s easy to see why. The pros of heat pump systems include:
A heat pump can transfer up to three times more energy than it consumes. This can reduce the amount of electricity your home uses on heating by approximately 50%, according to the U.S. Department of Energy. Lower energy consumption means lower monthly energy bills, leaving more money in your pocket.
In contrast to furnaces, heat pumps operate quietly. If you’re bothered by loud noises, a heat pump is a great choice. You might not even notice it’s on.
With a heat pump system, there’s no need to install two separate cooling and heating systems. Heat pump systems work in both the heating and cooling season.
No heating or cooling system is perfect, and heat pumps are no exception. It’s important to weigh both the pros and the cons before deciding if a heat pump system is right for your home.
The initial upfront costs of a heat pump system are higher than the costs of a furnace. But, this investment often pays off over time in the form of lower monthly energy bills.
A heat pump system has higher maintenance requirements than a traditional furnace. This has to do with the fact that a furnace is only used for a few months, while a heat pump can be used all year round for both heating and cooling. Heat pump systems also have more mechanical parts, all of which need maintenance to make sure they don’t break down.
Because heat pumps work by pulling heat from the outdoor air, they aren’t as effective in very low temperatures. If you prefer to keep your home extra toasty during the winter, a heat pump system may not be the right choice. Instead, a heat pump system is perfect if you want a comfortably warm temperature in the home.
Along with heat pumps, gas furnaces remain a common source of home heating in Arizona, particularly found in older homes. A natural gas furnace provides quick and powerful heating at a relatively low monthly cost. Furnaces are synonymous with central heating systems, because the heat is generated in a central location and then distributed via ductwork throughout the home.
On average, a gas furnace is less expensive to install when compared to a heat pump, if the home has an existing gas line. Gas is also generally a less expensive utility than electricity. Maintenance costs are also lower, as a furnace has fewer components and parts than a heat pump system.
A heat pump can be used in conjunction with an existing gas furnace. This is known as a dual-fuel system, and in a sense it allows you to get the “best of both worlds”. When temperatures are mild, the heat pump will act as your home’s primary heating system. In the event that temperatures drop, the furnace can take over until it’s warm enough for the heat pump to work effectively.
When the days get shorter and the temperatures fall, even the mild Arizona climate can get a little chilly. When the time comes to turn on the heat, we want to make sure you have everything you need to keep your family safe and comfortable all winter long. Contact us today with all your heater questions and problems.